A U.S. greenback be aware is seen in entrance of a inventory graph on this November 7, 2016 image illustration. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/IllustrationJuly 23 (Reuters) – A rally within the U.S. greenback has traders taking a look at a broad vary of things — from world COVID-19 infections to yield gaps — to find out whether or not the buck will proceed appreciating.The greenback is up 4% from its lows of 2021 and is among the many world’s greatest performing currencies this yr, boosted by final month’s hawkish shift from the Federal Reserve, burgeoning inflation and safe-haven demand pushed by COVID-19 worries.Due to the greenback’s central position within the world monetary system, its strikes ripple out in direction of a broad vary of asset lessons and are carefully watched by traders.For america, a interval of sustained greenback power could be a double-edged sword, serving to tamp down inflation by growing the forex’s shopping for energy whereas denting the stability sheets of exporters by making their merchandise much less aggressive overseas.Then again, greenback power would proceed pushing down currencies such because the euro and British pound, doubtlessly giving a lift to the recoveries in these international locations.Listed here are a number of issues traders are watching to find out the greenback’s trajectory.THE DELTA VARIANTSome traders consider the greenback – a well-liked protected haven throughout unsure instances – will rise if the Delta variant of COVID-19 spreads and danger aversion grows in markets.COVID worries have already helped the greenback notch features in opposition to the currencies of nations the place the Delta variant is proliferating, together with the Australian greenback and the British pound. These features may fade if coronavirus considerations ebb in coming months, nevertheless.”We’re seeing quite a lot of danger elements and uncertainty throughout belongings, stated Simon Harvey, senior FX market analyst at Monex Europe. “Buyers are taking a look at all these and saying that they are going to discover refuge within the greenback.”GLOBAL GROWTHWhile some traders are involved the U.S. rebound is slowing, it nonetheless outpaces the bounce seen in Europe and different areas.That hole in progress, illustrated by such metrics as stronger manufacturing sector progress and inflation, is among the many elements placing upward strain on the greenback, stated Morgan Stanley’s James Lord in a latest podcast.”There’s a case nonetheless for the greenback to strengthen as we do see extra divergence,” he stated.YIELD GAPThough Treasury yields have lately slid, the hole between actual yields on U.S. authorities debt and a few international bonds has widened, elevating the attract of dollar-denominated belongings. Actual yields characterize the price of borrowing after stripping out inflation results. The unfold between the actual yield on 10-year Treasury Inflation Protected Securities at “fixed maturity” and people on their German counterpart, for example, stood at 72 foundation factors late Thursday, up from 63 foundation factors two months in the past.POSITIONING SQUEEZESpeculators’ web brief positions on the U.S. greenback fell to their lowest degree since March 2020 final week, in line with calculations by Reuters and U.S. Commodity Futures Buying and selling Fee information launched on July 16. “Probably the most crowded commerce on this planet via the primary quarter was the brief greenback. We had, unquestionably, a squeeze on the way in which again,” stated Karl Schamotta, chief market strategist at Cambridge International Funds in Toronto.The dwindling bearish sentiment may imply there may be much less gasoline for additional greenback features. On the similar time, “the greenback and different currencies do are likely to overshoot when they’re correcting, in each instructions,” Schamotta stated.GOLDEN CROSSThe Greenback Index’s (.DXY) 50-day transferring common is near crossing above its 200-day transferring common and forming a chart sample generally known as a “Golden Cross” that’s seen as a bullish sign by those that comply with technical evaluation.A Golden Cross “may herald one other leg increased for the buck,” stated Joe Manimbo, senior market analyst at Western Union Enterprise Options.Reporting by Saqib Iqbal Ahmed; enhancing by Ira Iosebashvili and Richard PullinOur Requirements: The Thomson Reuters Belief Rules.