Report of the Safety Council mission to Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea-Bissau (S/2019/303) – Côte d’Ivoire

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I. Introduction

II. Côte d’Ivoire

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Assembly with the Vice-President and the Minister for Overseas Affairs of Côte d’Ivoire

  • The Vice-President Duncan expressed appreciation for the work of the United Nations, particularly UNOCI, for peace and stability in Côte d’Ivoire. He steered that the case of Côte d’Ivoire be used as a mannequin for nations making the transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding. He said that the management of the President, Alassane Ouattara, nationwide possession of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration and safety sector reform processes, efforts to foster nationwide reconciliation, an efficient partnership with UNOCI and shut collaboration with neighbouring nations have been key elements that contributed to the profitable transition course of in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • He famous the spectacular financial efficiency of the nation, with an eight per cent price of development and efforts to enhance the socioeconomic circumstances of the inhabitants with the adoption of an schooling and health-focused programme for the interval 2019–2020 (valued at roughly $2.eight million). He underlined the great efficiency of Côte d’Ivoire within the space of governance. He said that the political scenario in West Africa was secure and inspired the United Nations to extend assist to safety efforts, notably the Joint Power of the Group of 5 for the Sahel. Lastly, he reiterated the nation’s dedication to supporting the work of the United Nations within the areas of peacekeeping and battle prevention.

  • The Minister for Overseas Affairs thanked the Safety Council for the go to. He referred to President Ouattara’s latest briefing to the Council in December 2018, highlighting the progress achieved for the reason that closure of UNOCI, famous the great cooperation between the Authorities of Côte d’Ivoire and UNOCI and thanked the United Nations and the worldwide neighborhood at massive for the assist offered throughout the electoral course of and post-electoral disaster in 2010–2011. He famous an enchancment within the socioeconomic circumstances of the inhabitants, underlined the eight per cent price of financial development and careworn that the disaster was over within the nation. Lastly, he referred to Côte d’Ivoire’s profitable presidency of the Council in 2018.

  • The Everlasting Consultant of Equatorial Guinea to the United Nations, Anatolio Ndong Mba, as co-lead of the mission, said that the go to was aimed toward taking inventory of the achievements of Côte d’Ivoire for the reason that closure of UNOCI. He stated that the nation was an financial driving pressure within the area and expressed the hope that it might stay a mannequin of peace consolidation. He welcomed progress in direction of reaching lasting peace and financial prosperity within the nation and renewed the Safety Council’s robust dedication to the sovereignty and integrity of Côte d’Ivoire. He underlined the necessity to strengthen nationwide reconciliation and dialogue and to proceed efforts within the areas of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration and safety sector reform to forestall the reoccurrence of battle in Côte d’Ivoire and the Mano River Basin. He counseled the improved safety and humanitarian scenario within the nation. He careworn the first duty of the Authorities of Côte d’Ivoire to advertise stability and counseled efforts to fight terrorism and all types of illicit trafficking. He additionally careworn the necessity for Côte d’Ivoire to make sure a reputable electoral course of in 2020 for the consolidation of peace and stability within the nation. Lastly, he praised the essential function performed by UNOWAS in working with Member States and regional organizations to sort out threats to peace and safety within the subregion and reiterated the Council’s assist for Côte d’Ivoire.

  • The Minister for Overseas Affairs referred to latest political developments within the nation, such because the institution of a brand new unified ruling social gathering referred to as the Rassemblement des houphouëtistes pour la démocratie et la paix, the start of a political dialogue on the overview of the Unbiased Electoral Fee and the resignation of the Speaker of the Nationwide Meeting, Guillaume Soro. Concerning the latter, the Minister clarified that, by deciding to not be part of the Rassemblement, Mr. Soro was now not a member of the parliamentary majority and subsequently needed to resign.
    He additionally gave assurances that the upcoming presidential election would supply the chance to consolidate democracy in Côte d’Ivoire.

  • The Vice-President knowledgeable the mission that 93 per cent of former combatants had been reintegrated. For his half, the Minister for Overseas Affairs famous three components that contributed to the success of the Ivorian disarmament, demobilization and reintegration course of: (a) the dedication of President Ouattara; (b) a transparent programme designed by the Authorities, which offered coaching and work alternatives for many who selected to go away the military; and (c) nationwide funding. In that regard, he highlighted that the Authorities had financed 72 per cent of the programme over a three-year interval. With regard to safety sector reform, he famous that emphasis had been positioned on the necessity to strengthen the armed and police forces, together with via coaching and the availability of apparatus. He defined that the safety sector reform course of was ongoing.

  • In response to the queries of the members of the Safety Council mission, the Vice-President said that nationwide reconciliation was one of many priorities of President Ouattara, together with peace, safety and financial restoration. He knowledgeable the mission of the institution of two commissions, in 2011 and 2015, in addition to the creation of a devoted ministry in 2016 to foster nationwide reconciliation. He additionally referred to the amnesty granted in August 2018 to 800 people, together with the previous First Woman,
    Simone Gbagbo, convicted of crimes associated to the post-election disaster of 2010–2011.
    He underlined efforts to establish and compensate the victims of the disaster, with a 10 billion CFA franc fund allotted to the method. He talked about that the Authorities had recognized key companions to accompany the method of nationwide reconciliation, together with conventional leaders, youth teams and civil society organizations, and famous the profitable holding of native and regional elections in 2018, however incidents, and underlined efforts to foster nationwide dialogue, supported by the inclusive overview of the Unbiased Electoral Fee, for peaceable and credible elections in 2020.

  • The Minister for Overseas Affairs famous the efforts of President Ouattara to create the circumstances for steady dialogue and facilitate the return of the 2010–2011 postelectoral disaster refugees. He careworn that nationwide reconciliation was an extended course of and referred to as upon companions to offer Côte d’Ivoire time to realize extra outcomes.

  • The Vice-President highlighted that the development in girls’s dwelling circumstances was one of many priorities of President Ouattara. He underlined the emphasis positioned on gender equality within the Structure, which was adopted in 2016, and talked about initiatives for girls’s empowerment, together with the creation of a girls and improvement fund to assist girls entrepreneurs in Côte d’Ivoire. The Minister for Overseas Affairs added that Côte d’Ivoire had created a roster of certified girls who’re eligible to work within the public administration.

  • The Vice-President knowledgeable the mission of collaboration with subregional organizations, specifically, the Financial Neighborhood of West African States (ECOWAS) and the West African Financial and Financial Union, in addition to bilateral companions, notably France, within the efforts to fight terrorism. He recalled the intense safety challenges within the Sahel and the Lake Chad Basin, in addition to assist given by Côte d’Ivoire to safety efforts, together with via the deployment of 650 Ivoirian troops with the United Nations Multidimensional Built-in Stabilization Mission in Mali. He referred to as for efficient assist for the Joint Power of the Group of 5 for the Sahel.

  • The Minister for Overseas Affairs referred to the influence of the Libyan disaster on Mali and different West African nations and referred to as upon the worldwide neighborhood to redouble its efforts to realize stability and lasting peace in Libya. He emphasised that prevention was important within the efforts to fight terrorism and famous the institution of regional and worldwide intelligence-sharing mechanisms.

  • The Vice-President famous efforts to fight impunity, the institution of a nationwide fee on human rights and the reform of the justice system. For his half, the Minister for Overseas Affairs reiterated the dedication of Côte d’Ivoire to respecting and selling human rights.

  • In response to a query on how Côte d’Ivoire was coping with the flows of migrants from West Africa, the Minister for Overseas Affairs said that 40 per ce nt of the 22 million individuals dwelling in Côte d’Ivoire have been foreigners, emphasizing that such range was an asset for the nation. He acknowledged that Côte d’Ivoire was additionally a rustic of transit for unlawful migration flows and careworn that it had adopted insurance policies to facilitate the return of Ivorian migrants who had crossed borders illegally.

  • With regard to Africa cooperation, the Vice-President reiterated the assist given by Côte d’Ivoire to the institution of free commerce areas and a single African market. The Minister for Overseas Affairs stated that Côte d’Ivoire supported the adoption of a single West African foreign money.

  • In response to questions by Safety Council members concerning the function of Côte d’Ivoire within the subregion, the Minister for Overseas Affairs highlighted the essential function performed by President Ouattara, as ECOWAS Chair, from 2012 to 2014, to defuse tensions in Mali. He additionally talked about that the nation was an essential financial energy within the area.

  • The Vice-President careworn that the return of internally displaced individuals and refugees was a serious precedence for the Authorities, mentioning that 280,000 of 300,000 refugees had returned to this point, with 250,000 coming from Liberia. He hoped that each one refugees would return to Côte d’Ivoire by 2020. He added that Côte d’Ivoire had centered on schooling, with the institution of latest universities in Abidjan and the primary areas. He additionally referred to as upon the Safety Council to lift the attention of companions on the essential financial function of Côte d’Ivoire within the subregion. The Minister for Overseas Affairs talked about efforts to modernize the nation via the institution of processing industries within the coming years and referred to as upon traders to assist the nation’s improvement efforts. He underlined the target of Côte d’Ivoire to turn out to be an rising nation by 2030.

  • Spherical-table dialogue on the transition from peacekeeping to peace consolidation in Côte d’Ivoire and Liberia

    He acknowledged the essential monetary contribution of the Peacebuilding Fund ($1.eight million), which had considerably contributed to a clean transition in Côte d’Ivoire. He additionally famous that extra funding for the transition programme had been offered via the United Nations common price range ($2.eight million), the Authorities of Côte d’Ivoire ($10 million) and bilateral companions ($25 million). The resident coordinator said that the United Nations programme for the nation had been developed in cooperation with the Authorities. Whereas noting the efforts of the Authorities in direction of enhancing the situation of girls, the resident coordinator highlighted main challenges to gender equality, recalling that solely 16 per cent of members of Authorities and 9 per cent of members of Parliament have been girls. He recognized land conflicts and points associated to the administration of pure assets as remaining root causes of battle in Côte d’Ivoire. Referring to the native and provincial elections held in December 2018, the resident coordinator careworn that difficulties had emerged due to a shift in political alliances and highlighted United Nations efforts to defuse tensions.



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